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When you’ve looked up hardwood flooring online, you likely bumped into three terms: “refinishing”, “painting,” and “staining.” “Painting” is the easy one of the three that one can tell exactly what it entails; but what about the other two? “Staining” is the process of changing the wood to a darker color, usually by hand-applying a liquid wood stain product. “Finishing” is the process of applying a varnish, which, along with a coating of sealant, helps to protect the wood while giving it a glossier look. “Refinishing” involves redoing the current finish on your flooring, which revitalizes and restores its appearance. These procedures can be messy, smelly, and difficult (especially if you’ve never experienced doing it before), which makes it a good idea to let the professionals at Olympia Floors handle the job to beautify your hardwood flooring.
Hardwood stains are available in two formats in dozens of colors: Oil or Water-based.
Oil-Based Stains Oil-based stains eliminate the need for additional sanding because they do not raise the grain; they also give you a longer working time, enabling you to stain floors, cabinets, paneling and doors without the worry of dried lap marks.
Water-Based Stains Water-based stains come in a wider range of vibrant stain colors than oil-based stains. They require only soap and water for clean-up. You can stain and finish in one day because they dry faster. Smell much less than oil-based stains.
Applying stain over a finished surface will not change the color of the wood. Your cloth will simply wipe off the stain blocked from the pores by the existing finish.
Always sand in the direction of the grain to avoid leaving unsightly scratches. To open the pores in preparation for staining, begin with a medium-grit sandpaper (#120). Work your way to a final sanding with a fine-grit sandpaper (#220).
On open-pored large woods, such as mahogany, ash, and oak, work the stain into the pores by increasing your pressure. Deep pores are filled with stain when you brush or rub against the direction of the grain. The wood absorbs an ample amount of stain when you apply a liberal amount of it to the wood.
The longer you leave the stain on, the richer and deeper its color will be. Use careful timing for consistent color. The clear finish will be prevented from adhering and other issues will be caused as well if you allow any stain to dry on the wood surface.
Under a coat of clear finish, any swirl marks left by a stain-saturated cloth will become even more obvious.
This is because its thicker consistency enables it to cling to vertical surfaces without immediately running, giving you more time to apply an even coat of stain.
Once the stain has dried, apply a clear finish to protect both the stain and the wood—and to make the final results look even more beautiful.
Be sure to remove all knobs, handles, hinges or pulls before you start finishing or staining, because wood finishing products tend to change the color of any metal hardware.
Stains are formulated to dry in the wood, not on the wood, so this will just peel off later.
The solvent in the finish will activate the damp stain, allowing your brush or cloth to pull the stain out of the pores of the wood
Apply a pre-stain wood conditioner to ensure an even stain color.
To evenly redistribute any color pigments that may have settled to the bottom, stir the can of stain thoroughly.
Test on an inconspicuous spot any stain you consider using to ensure that the color of the stain—together with the natural color of the wood—produces the color you are looking for.
If you want a richer, darker tone, be sure to apply a second coat according to label directions.
Olympia Floors trusts all this wonderful information will be very useful to you going forward.However, if you are from the Chicago area and find yourself in need of professional assistance with your hardwood flooring, whether it’s installation, staining, finishing, or refinishing, please do not hesitate to get in touch with Olympia Floors right away. Our elite flooring specialists will have your floors ready and looking as pretty as can be in no time, at the greatest prices in Chicago. We are renowned for providing world-class flooring services in EVERYTHING that has to do with flooring, for we are a complete one-stop shop with full service. Come see our completely mesmerizing inventory. To know more of everything wonderful about us, please visit our website. Thank you so much.